Making Sense of Analogies

Subject: ELA (English Language Arts)

Lesson Length: 30 mins

Topic: Analogies

Grade Level: 7

Standards / Framework:

Brief Description: Students will better understand the relationship between words by completing analogies.

Know Before You Start: Students will need some experience with reading and analyzing analogies prior to the lesson.

Comic 1

Comic 2

Hook:

  • Read and discuss Comic 1 and choose the panel that best completes each analogy. 

  • Ask students how they selected their answers. Discuss how to complete analogies. You may want to provide additional analogy examples.

  • Model how to write an explanation for an analogy. E.g., apple : tree : : milk : cow. An apple comes from a tree. Milk comes from a cow. 

  • Discuss the various types of analogies e.g., antonym, synonym, cause and effect, part to whole, object to purpose, etc.

Activity:

  • Out loud or in writing, have students complete the analogies in Comic 2. Remind them to explain the relationship between the words in the analogy. E.g., relish : enjoy : : cherish : care. To relish something is to really enjoy it. To cherish something is to really care for it. 

  • As an extension, students can create their own analogy comics.

Closure: Have students share their answers in small groups. If students created their own analogy comics, do a gallery walk for the students to view all the analogies.

Differentiation:

  • Allow students to work with a peer model. 

  • Provide examples and visuals for students.

  • Pre Teach unfamiliar vocabulary e.g., antonym, synonym.

  • Create a word web to show relationships between words.

Resources: