Subject: ELA (English Language Arts), ESL/ELL (English Language Learning)

Lesson Length: 30 - 45 mins

Topic: Adverb Phrases

Grade Level: 4, 5, 6

Standards / Framework:

Brief Description: Students will practice working with adverb phrases to help provide descriptions while speaking and writing.

Know Before You Start: This lesson is intended to allow students to practice using adverb phrases both written and orally.

Hook:

  • Read and discuss the sample comic. Ask students to talk to a partner about the similarities and differences in each panel.
    • What new information is given?
    • What question does it answer for us? 
  • Explain that an adverbial phrase gives more information about a verb. Adverbial phrases show how, when, where, or why a verb is done.

Activity:

  • Display the following sentences. 
    • We are going hiking along the lakefront. (where)

    • The game is played on the soccer field. (where)

    • Gisell wore her favorite dress for the picture. (why)
    • Alison studied her spelling words for the test. (why)
    • Edgar fell asleep while watching videos (when)
    • This afternoon, we are going to the game. (when)
    • Elijah kicked the soccer ball with force. (how)
    • Kamila bought a car with her own money. (how)
  • Work together to identify the verb and the adverbial clause or phrase that helps describe the verb. Ask students if the adverb phrase is answering how, where, when, or why. Utilize the "Turn and Talk" method before sharing aloud. 

Closure:

  • Have students think of a simple sentence with a subject and a verb. If students have trouble thinking of their own sentences, offer a few examples. 
  • Direct students to add four different adverbial phrases to answer the questions how, when, where, and why.

Differentiation:

  • Allow students to use the speech-to-text feature.
  • Allow students to work in pairs or groups as needed.
  • Adapt sentence expectations to match student language level.

Resources:

  • Comic to print or display