Subject: ELA (English Language Arts)

Lesson Length: 30 - 45 mins

Topic: Comprehension Of Nonfiction Text

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8

Standards / Framework:

Brief Description: Students will learn to better comprehend and check their understanding of nonfiction text by asking reflective questions. They will create a comic to demonstrate their understanding and personal connection to the content in a social studies text.

Know Before You Start:

  • This lesson uses the reflective thinking strategy What? So What? Now What? Students will use the questions to guide their analysis of a historical or social studies text. 
  • Two preselected social studies texts will be needed.

Hook:

  • Introduce and share a selected text on a social studies topic.
  • Display the sample comic. 
  • Model how to reflect on the content by asking the questions
    • What?
    • So what?
    • Now what?
  • What?: Prior to reading, students can make predictions about what they anticipate learning through the text. 
  • So what?: Read the text together and discuss new information learned and personal connections with the text material.
  • Now what?: Reflect after reading the selected text and consider how the text information applies to the world today or additional questions posed in the text.
  • Explain that using these reflective questions helps to better understand the facts of the text, our connections with the text, and helps us apply the information shared in the text.

Activity:

  • Provide students with another social studies article or selected text related to the same topic.
  • Have students independently read the text using the What? So what? Now what? strategy. 
  • Using the sample comic as a guide, have students create a three-panel What? So what? Now what? comic to demonstrate their understanding.

Closure:

  • Give students an opportunity to share their comics with others.
  • Discuss how using the What? So What? Now What? strategy can be used with all types of text materials to better understand the content.

Differentiation:

  • Adjust the selected text based on a student’s reading level.
  • Provide an audio recording of selected text. 
  • Allow students to use a graphic organizer.

Resources:

  • Comic to print or display: Comic.
  • Social Studies Article or Text Material.