Subject: ELA (English Language Arts)
Lesson Length: 30 - 45 mins
Topic: Comprehension of Nonfiction Text
Grade Level: 6, 7, 8
Standards / Framework:
Brief Description: Students will learn to better comprehend and check their understanding of nonfiction text by asking reflective questions. They will create a comic to demonstrate their understanding and personal connection to the content in a social studies text.
Know Before You Start:
- This lesson uses the reflective thinking strategy "What? So What? Now What?" Students will use the questions to guide their analysis of a historical or social studies text.
- Two preselected social studies texts will be needed.
- Introduce a selected text on a social studies topic.
- Display the sample comic.
- Model how to reflect on the content by asking the questions:
- So what?
- Now what?
- What? Prior to reading, students can make predictions about what they anticipate learning through the text.
- So what? Read the text together and discuss new information learned and personal connections with the text.
- Now what? Reflect after reading the selected text and consider how the information applies to the world today or additional questions posed in the text.
- Explain that using these reflective questions helps to better understand the facts of the text, our connections with it, and how to apply the information.
- Provide students with another social studies article or selected text related to the same topic.
- Have students independently read the text using the "What? So what? Now what?" strategy.
- Using the sample comic as a guide, have students create a three-panel "What? So what? Now what?" comic to demonstrate their understanding.
- Allow students to share their comics with the class or in groups.
- Discuss how using the "What? So What? Now What?" strategy can be used with all types of texts to better understand the content.
- Allow students to use the speech-to-text feature.
- Allow students to work in pairs or groups as needed.
- Adjust the selected text based on a student’s reading level.
- Provide an audio recording of selected text.
- Allow students to use a graphic organizer.