Subject: ELA (English Language Arts), ESL/ELL (English Language Learning)

Lesson Length: 30 - 45 mins

Topic: Synonyms and Antonyms

Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6, 8

Objective: Critical thinking

Standards:

ELA Standard Language » Grade 4 » 5 » c: Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).

Language Objective: Give examples of words or phrases that are the same or opposite with visual representation.

Brief Description: Students read a comic and have fun creating synonym and antonym cards.

Know Before You Start: If students are unfamiliar with the word “opposite” pre-teach this concept before completing the lesson.

Synonyms and Antonyms - Exemplar comic, panel 1 Synonyms and Antonyms - Exemplar comic, panel 2 Synonyms and Antonyms - Exemplar comic, panel 3 Synonyms and Antonyms - Exemplar comic, panel 4 Synonyms and Antonyms - Exemplar comic, panel 5 Synonyms and Antonyms - Exemplar comic, panel 6

Hook:

  • Read and discuss the first two panels of the sample comic. 

  • Tell students that words that mean the same as other words are called synonyms. Words that mean the opposite are called antonyms.

Activity:

  • Give each student three index cards. 

  • After reading panel 3, have students brainstorm synonyms of the word nice on one side of the index card. 

  • Next, have the students flip the card over and write words that mean the opposite. 

  • Continue doing this exercise with the rest of the panels. 

  • Extension: Using the sample comic as a guide, have students create a synonym/antonym comic of their own.

Closure: Tell students that good readers can give examples of words or phrases that are the same or opposite as another word. Instruct students to think of synonyms and antonyms while they are reading independently.

Differentiation: Adapt the example comic as needed to include more complex or simple sentences as needed.

Resources:

  • Example comic to print or display: Comic 1.

  • Student language level should be taken into consideration before completing the lesson.

  • Encourage students to complete this exercise in their home language to reinforce the overall concept of synonyms and antonyms.