Determining Author’s Purpose

Subject: ESL/ELL (English Language Learning)

Lesson Length: 30 - 45 mins

Topic: Author’s Purpose

Grade Level: 2, 6, 7

Standards / Framework:

Brief Description: In this lesson students will be able to determine the author’s purpose of a text.

Know Before You Start:

  • You will need a variety of texts for students to read. These texts should have different purposes: to entertain, to inform, to persuade. 

  • This lesson can be used to reinforce the language to explain the author's purpose. Teachers can utilize Pixton comics to assess student understanding and ability to determine author’s purpose.

Hook: Read and discuss the sample comic. Share examples of different author’s purposes e.g., to entertain, to inform, to persuade.


  • Have students choose a text on their independent reading level.

  • Have students create a Pixton comic that introduces the text and explains the author’s purpose. 

  • Encourage students to explain how they determined the author’s purpose within their comic. 

  • Extension: Encourage students to find three texts with different purposes and create a panel for each purpose e.g., to entertain, persuade, and inform.

Closure: Have students share their comics with the class or with a partner. Display the comics on a bulletin board as a reference.

Differentiation: Allow students to work with a partner as needed.


  • Comic to print or display: Comic.