Subject: ESL/ELL (English Language Learning)
Lesson Length: 30 - 45 mins
Topic: Cognates, Vocabulary
Brief Description: Students will notice cognates that exist in English and Spanish. These are words that are both visibly and audibly similar, and have the same meaning.
Know Before You Start: Be prepared with a list of cognates as a reference.
- Read and discuss the sample comic.
- Display several pictures that have cognates in both English and Spanish, e.g., fruit/fruta, family/familia, elephant/elefante.
- Explain that in English and Spanish some words look and sound alike, and they can also mean the same thing.
- Have students work with a partner to think of other words that have cognates in both English and Spanish.
- Join pairs together to discuss their ideas. Then, have groups share their list aloud. Record student responses on chart paper.
- Using the sample comic as a guide, have students create a comic in which they:
- Explain what a cognate is.
- Give at least three examples of cognates in English and Spanish.
- Challenge students to write sentences in both languages that use their chosen cognate.
- Have students present their comics to a partner, a small group, or the whole class.
- Allow students to use the speech-to-text feature.
- Allow students to work in pairs or groups as needed.
- Allow students to add cognates to their comic as they are learn throughout the school year.
- Explore cognates within other languages as needed.